Page 21 - Family Help
P. 21


                  Following are some of the words you may come across when cancer is diagnosed
                  and while you are being treated. It is not a complete dictionary of medical terms,
                  and there may be medical terms you hear used which are not listed here. You can
                  always ask your doctor or nurse what a word means if you don’t understand it.

                  Adenocarcinoma (AC)           The most common type of cancer which occurs within
                                                the oesophagus, gastro oesophageal junction and the
                  Adjuvant treatment            Additional treatment, such as chemotherapy or
                                                radiotherapy given after surgery.
                  Specialist Nurse              Nurses trained to an exceptionally high-level
                                                specialising in particular illnesses.
                  Anaesthesia, anaesthetics
                                                Drugs or gases given before and during surgery so
                                                that the patient will not feel pain. The patient may be
                                                awake (local anaesthetic) or asleep (general
                  Anastomosis                   A connection made surgically between adjacent blood
                                                vessels, parts of the intestine, or other channels of the
                                                body, or the operation in which this is constructed.
                  Barrett’s Oesophagus          A condition in which the cells lining the lower part of
                                                the oesophagus have changed or been replaced with
                                                abnormal cells that could lead to cancer of the
                                                oesophagus. The backing up of stomach contents
                                                (reflux) may irritate the oesophagus and over time,
                                                cause Barrett’s oesophagus.
                  Benign                        Tumour that is not malignant or condition that does
                                                not produce harmful effects. It is usually not life-
                  Biopsy                        One of the main tests used to diagnose cancer. A
                                                piece of body tissue is removed from the area where
                                                there might be cancer, and the cells are examined
                                                under a microscope. This is one of the tests used to
                                                decide whether or not a person has cancer, and what
                                                type of cancer it is.
                  Blood cells                   Cells that make up the blood. There are three main
                                                types – red blood cells (which carry oxygen around
                                                the body), white blood cells (which fight invading
                                                germs), and platelets (which help the blood to clot).
                  Cancer                        1.  Cancer is present when the normal division of
                                                    Cells gets out of control and invades healthy
                                                2.   Cancer – general term to describe a collection of
                  Carcinoma                     A type of cancer which begins in glandular cells, often
                                                the lining of an organ.
                  Chemotherapy                  A drug treatment usually with anti-cancer drugs. A
                                                course of treatment usually takes several months.
                  Consultant                    Most senior doctor.

   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26