Page 22 - Family Help
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               CT Scan (CAT Scan)   Computer Aided Tomography scan. X-ray scan using a
                                          computer to construct pictures of the body in cross
                                          section and 3D body images.
               Diagnosis                  Identifying a disease in a person’s body or deciding what
                                          is wrong with them.
               Dietitian                  A specialist in nutrition in the field of oncology and
                                          specialist surgery.
               Dumping syndrome           A condition that occurs when food or liquid moves too
                                          fast into the small intestine. Symptoms include cramps,
                                          nausea, diarrhoea, sweating, weakness and dizziness.
               Dysphagia                  Difficulty or discomfort when swallowing.
               Dysplasia                  Cells that look abnormal under a microscope but are not
                                          yet cancerous. Abnormal cells which, if left untreated,
                                          could develop into cancer.
               Endoscopy                  A procedure that uses an endoscope to examine the
                                          inside of the body. An endoscope is a thin, tube-like
                                          instrument with a light and a lens for viewing. It may also
                                          have a tool to remove tissue to be checked under a
                                          microscope for signs of disease.
               ICU                        Intensive Care Unit.
               In situ                    The earliest stage of cancer, when it has not spread to
                                          any other organ or area of the body.
               Jejunostomy tube (Jej tube)
                                          A feeding tube normally inserted during an
                                          oesophagectomy, into the small bowel. This is the tube
                                          which you will be fed through while you cannot eat or
                                          drink. Patients who undergo a gastrectomy will not
                                          usually have a Jej tube inserted as they are likely to get
                                          back to eating and drinking more quickly.
               Laparoscopy                Procedure using a rigid tube connected to a camera
                                          which is usually inserted through an incision next to your
                                          umbilicus, to look inside the body and to collect sample
               Lymph nodes                Lymph nodes are small masses of tissue found in
                                          clusters which purify the lymph fluid and form
                                          lymphocytes (white blood cells) Small bean-shaped
                                          organs, sometimes called lymph glands, which are part
                                          of the lymphatic system. The nodes are part of the
                                          lymphatic system, which is the body's natural defence
                                          against infection.
               Metastasis, metastasise, metastatic
                                          The spread of cancer cells from one part of the body to
                                          another through the bloodstream or lymphatic system.
                                          Cells that have   metastasised are like those in the
                                          original tumour.
               MRI                        Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Scan using magnetism to
                                          build up a picture of the organs inside the body.
               Nausea                     Feeling sick.
               Nutrition                  A healthy diet and the correct intake of vitamins and
                                          minerals. This can be difficult to achieve for some people

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